WHAT IS LIFE ORIENTATION?
Life Orientation is the study of self in relation to others and to society. It is a unique subject in the Further Education and Training Band in that it applies a holistic approach to the personal, social, intellectual, emotional, spiritual, motor and physical growth and development of learners. This encourages the development of a balanced and confident learner who can contribute to a just and democratic society, a productive economy and an improved quality of life for all.
Life Orientation addresses skills, knowledge, values and attitudes about the self, the environment, responsible citizenship, a healthy and productive life, social engagement, recreation and physical activity and career choices. These include opportunities to engage in the development and practice of a variety of life skills, to solve problems, to make informed decisions and choices and to take appropriate actions to live meaningfully and successfully in a rapidly changing society. It, therefore, not only focuses on knowledge but also emphasizes the importance of the application of skills, values and attitudes in real-life situations and participation in physical activity, community organizations and initiatives.
While Life Orientation is a new subject in the Grade 10 – 12 South African school curriculum, it draws on the core of the non-examinable subjects previously known as Guidance, Family Guidance, Vocational Guidance, Religious or Bible Education, Civic Education, Health Education, Youth Preparedness and Physical Education. It is also an inter-disciplinary subject in that it incorporates and integrates knowledge, values, skills and processes embedded in various disciplines such as Sociology, Psychology, Political Science and Human Movement Science.
In the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10 – 12 (General), Life Orientation is expressed as a subject containing four focus areas. The four focus areas are personal wellbeing, citizenship education, recreation & physical activity, and careers and career choices.
Life Orientation is one of the four fundamental subjects in the Further Education and Training Band, which means that it is compulsory for all learners in Grades 10 – 12.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF LIFE ORIENTATION?
Life Orientation guides and prepares learners for life and for life's responsibilities and possibilities. It does this by equipping learners to interact on a personal, psychological, neuro-cognitive, motor, physical, moral, spiritual, cultural and socio-economic level. It also prepares learners to respond positively to the demands of the world, to assume responsibilities and to make the most of life's opportunities. It introduces learners to their constitutional rights and responsibilities, to the rights of others and to issues of diversity, health and well-being.